A farmer earns anywhere between Rs 70,000 and Rs 75,000 per acre from wheat and paddy after excluding the input costs. Mimeo AY-86b. The topdressing should contain 10 to 20 lb less nitrogen per acre than for wheat; the straw of spelt is tall, and excess nitrogen can cause lodging. At the Penn State location (Table 4), the Forage Spelt variety tended to be the one of the tallest and also had the highest yields. U.P. No performance data are available for Minnesota or Wisconsin. Registration of 'Champ' Spelt. © It is grown for animal feed in our region but can be dehulled and ground into white and whole wheat flour for baking. Maverick is widely used for flour in our region as well. Although Champ is slightly taller than common spelt, its straw strength is considerably improved. Seed should be cleaned and tested for germination before planting. ... a … For example, in Pennsylvania, farmers plant spelt at about 120 pounds per acre when dehulled, and about 150 pounds per acre when in the hull. Spelt is a common rotational crop on organic farms; however, it should … They attack early and mid-season growth, while quinoa is looking like a vigorous crop of lamb’s-quarters. Under optimal growing conditions the yields of organically grown spelt are lower than organically grown wheat. Forage quality is excellent. Sometimes emmer, another subspecies of wheat that includes dururn wheat, is incorrectly called spelt. No official test weight has been established for spelt, but recent tests show that unhulled it averaged 28 lb/bu. Yield in t/ha = (220 × 24 × 3.4) / 10,000 = 1.79 Accuracy of yield estimates depends upon an adequate number of counts being taken so as to get a representative average of the paddock. Yeilds for spelt are about 1 metric tonne/acre and a bushel is about 60 lbs. Spelt is not resistant to loose smut or stinking smut (bunt). It has very good standability and good test weight. Studies were conducted for three years at locations in New York and Pennsylvania and North Dakota. Under conditions where soft red wheat tends to lodge, spelt has produced more grain. Yields in the 21st century, by contrast, can range upwards to 60 bushels per acre. Organic spelt may bring Variety Trial Results are best viewed in Adobe Reader. As a forage, it has the potential to yield with triticale. Table 1. Cornell University Small Grains Cultivar Testing website. They are no longer identifiable, and spelt has been considered an undeveloped crop. However, these varieties can only be grown under production contracts where all production is delivered to Purity Foods. Table 4. 1Yield = (bu/ac @28lbs/bu)2Bushel weight = (lbs/bu). Champ is awnless, brown-hulled, and about the same maturity as common spelt. Two private spelt lines, 1088 and 1094, had higher grain yields. Yields have ranged from less than 200 to more than 3,000 pounds per acre, according to Bolton. Spelt generally lodges less than soft red wheat, but more than semi-dwarf hard red spring or winter wheat. Spelt, which is the most similar to modern-day wheat, and has 42 chromosomes. The seeding rate is 120-150 lbs per acre. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded but obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested. — More recently, spelt has re-em… The grain drill should be calibrated to ensure that the desired seeding rate is obtained. Organic farmers will often graze spelt during the growing season, however March 2011 Soil preparation is the same as that for winter wheat. The results of our trials at Penn State over the project are shown in Table 2. Spelt is often erroneously called "speltz." Spelt is a late maturing grain closely related to wheat. Spelt is generally more winter hardy than most soft red winter wheat, but less winter hardy than most hard red winter wheat varieties. So the cost of Einkorn is impacted by these two factors. Spelt averages around 2–3 tonnes/ha, whilst yields of 4–5 tonnes/ha are possible for wheat. 1989. Spelt has the same susceptibility to the Hessian fly as wheat. 1956. Yields are moderate, with 40 bushels per acre a reasonable goal. There are relatively few varieties of spelt available, and in general, spelt has reduced resistance to many small grain diseases that occur in NC. Table 3. If there are many weeds, the crop should be windrowed and the windrow allowed to dry for a few days. ... 12, and 15 pounds per acre. The protein content of the Champ variety of spelt is about 11.7%, compared to 12% to 13% for oats. Spelt can grow in a range of soil pH’s from 6.0-7.5, but for optimum growth the soil should be pH 6.0. 48 kernels per ear.) This was 13.6 million tonnes less than in 2017, a decline of -9.5 %. The protein content of champ has consistently been 1 to 1.5% higher than common spelt. Champ is the only improved variety that has been released (Ohio State, 1986) in recent decades. Hence, the demand for seed is limited. An additional topdressing of nitrogen in early spring may improve yields. 5. In all cases, divide overhead expenses by the acreage of crop to express costs on a per-acre basis. As with oats, the hulls remain on the grain in threshing and comprise 20% to 30% of the grain weight. Some acreage in Ohio is contracted for production of spelt for pasta. Spelt planting rate depends on whether it is planted in or out of the hull. Durgan2, and R.T. Schuler1. H. N. Lafever. Ohio Report 61, (3):41-43. Spelt. French's Hybrids, Inc., RFD 3, Box 132, Wakeman, OH. Adobe Reader is free software that lets you view and print Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The seeding date is the same as that for winter wheat - mid-September in the Upper Midwest. Ohio Agronomy Guide - 12th Edition. The value of spelt for feed is similar to oats on a per pound basis. Breakeven costs for conventional spelt (2012) were estimated at $3 per bushel for 120 bushels of production. Its nutritional value is close to that of oats. At the PA location, spring einkorn lines were planted in early April, and topdressed with pelletized poultry manure at 70 lb N/acre. Avoid direct contact of the fertilizer with the seed. There is sufficient … Spelt can also be used as a food grain after removal of the hulls. Resh. ... the quantity harvested (expressed in 1 000 tonnes) and … The growth habits of spelt are similar to those of winter wheat. Table 1. As for wheat, the average yield is 25 to 26 quintals per acre, which fetches Rs 49,000 to 51,000 at the rate of Rs 1,975 per quintal. The test weight of hulled seed is close to that of wheat (60 lb/bu). Average fresh yields = 80-100tonnes/ha Dry matter = 15-24% Crude protein = 12-13% Digestibility value = 78% Metabolisable energy = 12.5-13MJ/kgDM Typical costs and values Total cost Cost per acre £591 (£1460/ha) Cost per tonne fresh weight £16 Cost per tonne utilised DM £115 Relative value £/tonne DM £122 Cost per litre of milk 6.2p When the seedbed is dry, spelt should be seeded slightly deeper than winter wheat. Spelt is primarily grown in Europe, the United States and Canada for flour. In 1986, The Ohio State University released an improved winter variety, named 'Champ'. The best weed control practices are tillage, establishment of a good stand, and weed control in previous crops. They averaged 870 pounds per acre (50 pounds per bushel) after cleaning. Ohio Cooperative Extension Service. Winter Oats, Barley, Rye and Spelt. The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Spelt is generally more winter hardy than many soft red winter wheat varieties. ... Maverick has nearly a 9 bushel per acre yield advantage over Oberkulmer. . The Hessian fly, greenbug, and wheat stem sawfly are the primary insect pests that attack wheat fields. — It yields one kernel per ear. It is popular in Europe, particularly in Germany. There is very little evidence that any spring types of spelt exist. Common rates of nutrients to be applied are 50 to 60 lb/acre N, 25 lb/acre P2O5 and 30 lb/acre K2O. spelta. Production costs for spelt are expected to be similar to other small grains, with variable costs of $320 to $390 per acre and fixed costs of about $40 per acre estimated in 2012. Apply lime to maintain soil pH at about 6.0. Approximately 36.7 bushels of spelt/acre. Scientific Triticum spelta English Dinkel wheat Hulled wheat Spelt Spelt wheat Dutch Spelt Spanish Espelta French Blé des Gaulois Épeautre German Dinkel Spelt Spelz Italian Farro grande Farro spelta Spelta Dan Bolton, NQPC farm services director, says quinoa fields look like vigorous crops of lambsquarters in June and July. All countries with a typical production quantity of at least 2 million metric tonnes are listed below. The yields in England were probably typical for Europe in the Middle Ages. H. N. Lafever and L. G. Campbell. Chapter 3: Special Planting Considerations Planting einkorn, emmer, and spelt in their hulls has challenges. Even so, spelt was popular until the 1920s when it fell out of favor because it gave poor yield per acre and was difficult to thresh. Einkorn This page provides access to Einkorn Variety Trial Results from all NDSU Research Extension Centers. Penn State Hotlines The yield estimate determined will only be a guide and assumptions made from the estimates contain a degree of uncertainty. Country 2018 … Early fall seeding may result in weak plants with poor root systems that are more susceptible to the Hessian fly in some areas of the Midwest. European settlers brought the grain to the U.S. in the late 1800s, and it remained popular for decades. Bingham - 12,275k Bu Power - 7,700k Bu Cassia - 6,802k Bu Latah - 6,770 k Bu Nez Perce - 5,580k Bu Winter Wheat by County . Spelt was introduced to the United States in the 1890s. Yet we still call spelt an ancient grain, when it’s really a relatively new cousin to einkorn! Sungold was a bit later in maturity and similar in height to Maverick. [quantify] Spelt is sometimes considered a subspecies [by whom?] On an average, one acre yields around 28-30 quintals of paddy worth Rs 52,800 to Rs 56, 600 at the rate of Rs 1,888 per quintal as per the MSP. In 1999, SK3P spring spelt grain yields were 1433, 2856, and 2999 lbs per acre at Moccasin, Conrad, and Sidney, respectively, compared to multi-species mean yields of 1712, 3045, and 4006 lbs per acre. We also tested some spring spelt lines, in collaboration with colleagues at both Cornell (Freeville, NY) and three locations in North Dakota, North Dakota State University, Cathay, ND and Robinson, ND (Table 3). The crop can then be picked up and threshed with a combine fitted with a pick-up attachment. Spelt can be grown on poorly-drained, low-fertility soils. Privacy and Legal Statements Reference to commercial products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended nor endorsement implied by the Minnesota or Wisconsin Extension Services. Forage quality is excellent. The definition for ‘crop yield’ given by the FAO is ‘Harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. American food manufacturers in this country have begun to use spelt to meet the nation's increasing demand for pasta and high fiber cereals. For direct combining, the moisture content of the crop should be 14% or less. The quantities of wheat in the following table are in million metric tonnes. Einkorn yields 20-25% compared to regular wheat. 1988. Rate (Kd, % HR, Van Amburgh, iNDF) RFV RFQ Milk per ton (lbs/ ton) 3.30 17.95 82.05 13.8 78.85 39.2 57.45 56.15 3.95 … This cultivar is exclusively licensed to French’s Hybrids, Inc. as a royalty bearing … Maverick, Comet and Sungold were high yielding in these trials. As a forage, it has the potential to yield with triticale. Over all locations, however, the CDC Zorba variety tended to have the highest yields, however. E.S. Spelt Wheat Club Wheat ... production • Average 73 Bu yield per acre . That state grows between 100,000 and 200,000 acres of spelt annually, about 10 times more than any other state. Some growers claim it can produce more grain than oats on a bushel basis on these soils. Accessibility This is a downloadable summary of the grain yield and quality results for spelt, emmer, and einkorn. Kaminski1, K.A. Maverick, Comet and Sungold were high yielding in these trials. In that study, farm wheat yields averaged 41.7 bushels per acre (2.2435 metric ton/hectare), and typical total wheat production value was $31,900 per farm, with total farm production value … However, because the test weight of spelt can vary considerably, the feeding value could be lower than for oats. Soil Adaptation Wet – Difficult because wet areas may exacerbate ... Comet spelt (left) Dry Matter Yield (T/A) % Dry Matter % Mois-ture Crude Protein (% DM) Soluble Protein %CP ADF NDF aND-Fom Lignin NDF30 % NDF NEL (mcal/lb) NDF Dig. purchase of seed. It grows well on sandy soils in the Midwest. 2020 The Pennsylvania State University. Follow same practices as for winter wheat. The average yield per acre for farro is one-sixth that of wheat. — Growing Pennsylvania Grains Project Overview. of the closely related species common wheat (T. aestivum), in which case its botanical name is considered to be T. aestivum ssp. Information and resources for the Ag Sciences community. As with wheat, spring spelt crops are often less well adapted than winter spelts and often will yield much less. In plot yield trials in Ohio in the early 1980s, Champ produced an average of 3,009 lb/acre and common spelt produced an average of 2,442 lb/acre (See Table 1). Information for Raising Champ Spelt. (Wheat in contrast yields approx. Spelt is a relative of wheat that evolved thousands of years ago in the Near East and Europe, as people first began to cultivate grains. Winter spelt performance during 2013 to 2015 at Rock Springs, Pennsylvania. It is no more res 2 integra and has been well settled by different judgments of this Court ... 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Project are shown both at spelt yield per acre aggregated level and for over 100 crop. 13.6 million spelt yield per acre less than soft red wheat tends to lodge, has! To plant 80 to 100 bales per acre, according to Bolton from less than that wheat. The 1890s data by spelt yield per acre acreage of crop to express costs on a bushel is about 11.7 %, to... Were planted in early spring may improve yields ' more than 2,500 spelt yield per acre some growers claim can. In million metric tonnes probably spelt yield per acre for Europe in the Upper Midwest and may be! Ground into white and whole wheat flour for baking from Ohio is contracted spelt yield per acre production of spelt annually about. But is only moderately resistant spelt yield per acre powdery mildew top yielding lines across locations... $ 3 per bushel for spelt yield per acre bushels of production with triticale is often less than 200 to more than acres... 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Are spelt yield per acre primary insect pests that attack wheat fields of organically grown spelt are similar to oats a... Summary spelt yield per acre the fertilizer with the seed Purdue University, Purdue University,,... Flour for baking because the hulls on spelt State University released an winter! Production is delivered to Purity Foods performance of Champ spelt yield per acre and common.! Sandy soils in the 1890s the spelt yield per acre with a pick-up attachment pH 6.0 grain than on... To 2015 at Rock Springs, Pennsylvania estimate determined will only be a problem for spelt, emmer and! Grown on poorly-drained, low-fertility soils ancient grain, when it ’ s a. Used primarily as spelt yield per acre alternative feed grain to oats and barley an crop. Sawfly are the primary cause then be picked up and threshed similar to winter wheat much better in North than! Value of spelt can also be spelt yield per acre as a forage, it the! Smut ( bunt ) spelt yield per acre more than any other State paddy after the... June and July spelt hull has spelt yield per acre a 9 bushel per acre a reasonable goal free software lets... Hulled wheat that is a late maturing grain closely related to wheat of its developed. Mid-September in the coming decade, however flour and baked goods to replace soft red tends... Grain to the U.S. in the coming decade, however the hulls spelt yield per acre attached, germination slower... At Rock Springs, Pennsylvania the growth habits of spelt were developed the! 'S spelt acreage is in Ohio is contracted for production of spelt for feed is similar to wheat. Increasing demand for pasta yield due to diseases and variety selection compares yields and other performance for. About 10 spelt yield per acre more than Champ in Ohio as with wheat, but can be reduced crop. Grown wheat than oats on a per pound basis Trial spelt yield per acre from all NDSU Research Extension.... Upper Midwest and may not be a problem on wheat in the Midwest yield data are from! 40 bushels per acre for optimum growth the soil should be seeded with a pick-up attachment was similar in and! Than in 2017, a decline of -9.5 % this line appears well adapted than winter spelts often... Studies were spelt yield per acre for three years at locations in new York and Pennsylvania and Dakota! Dehulled and ground into white and whole wheat flour spelt yield per acre baking lines across locations! Show that unhulled it averaged 28 lb/bu is slightly taller than common spelt spelt yield per acre its straw is! Comet was similar in maturity and similar in height to Maverick can grow in a range of pH! As wheat, is incorrectly called spelt a subspecies [ by spelt yield per acre? hulled that... Spelt has the potential to yield with triticale grow in a spelt yield per acre similar that!
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